Coronavirus and the Maker Community

April 3, 2020

It’s not very often that I comment on current events but the Coronavirus or COVID-19 or SARS-Cor-19 is too big a world event not to have some views about. As a maker and also a professional (cough) engineer I’ve been intrigued by the maker community’s response to these events. We’ve seen makers use their faculties to make face masks and face shields using 3D printers, sewing machines etc. not for themselves but for their wider local community and their local health professionals to help protect others against the spread of the virus.

There are many makers and maker companies that have been very proactive in this, just naming a few, companies like Adafruit have lead the way and their blog has many posts. Other useful sites I found are:

How to Make Plastic Face Shield with Household Materials

Face Mask Pattern (FREE) – How to Make Diy Mouth Mask

https://grabcad.com/library/coronavirus-flu-reusable-mask-1

NanoHack, an open-source 3D printed mask against COVID-19

NIH Approved 3D-Printed Face Shield Design For Hospitals Running Out Of PPE

Automating Hand Sanitizer — If You Can Find Any

Handwashing Timer Makes Sure the Suds Stay On Long Enough

https://www.deeplocal.com/scrubber

Maker communities such as Hackaday and Instructables also have many useful posts. As well as the blog entries themselves, the various comment section are full of very interesting points made by reverent professionals, as well as interesting details and suggestions by other interested parties. Below is a short list of some of the other links found:

Ventilators 101: What They Do and How They Work

Ultimate Medical Hackathon: How Fast Can We Design and Deploy an Open Source Ventilator?

https://www.opensourcemask.com/en

https://github.com/rune1234/DIY-respirator

Home

https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4192643

http://forums.parallax.com/discussion/171398/coronavirus-open-source-ventilator-real-time-monitoring-system-p2-challenge

https://panvent.blogspot.com

https://www.instructables.com/id/The-Pandemic-Ventilator

Professional Ventilator Design Open Sourced Today by Medtronic

Makers Wanted: Fix These Medtronic Ventilator Schematics

Ultimate Medical Hackathon: How Fast Can We Design and Deploy an Open Source Ventilator?

https://edition.cnn.com/2020/03/23/us/coronavirus-3d-printed-medical-supplies-trnd/index.html

In addition, many universities and other groups have also proposed alternative equipment designs and builds:

https://oxvent.org

Open source medical ventilator for COVID-19 patients

http://news.mit.edu/2010/itw-ventilator-0715

MIT Develops Cheap, Open Source Ventilator for Coronavirus Treatment

MIT Emergency Ventilator (E-Vent) Project

Home-EN

Click to access DRM127.pdf

Scientic and Medical Journals and Articlas:

Click to access DMD_2010_Al_Husseini.pdf

https://journals.lww.com/ejanaesthesiology/fulltext/2008/02000/optimal_ventilator_settings_in_acute_lung_injury.1.aspx

Click to access 20190336713.pdf

Standards and Regulation

https://www.bsigroup.com/en-GB/topics/novel-coronavirus-covid-19/ventilators

https://www.cencenelec.eu/News/Press_Releases/Pages/PR-2020-003.aspx

And finally, its also the call to arms by many governments to their countries biggest or best industrial companies to help eleaviate their medical equipment shortages. The mainstream media have been quick to jump on these stories of Formula 1 teams, big defence and big consumer companies banding together to rapidily design and manufacture the much needed medical equipments. Others have asked why their countries are not doing the same or enacting war time or emergency powers to allow manufactures to quickly add their manufacturing might to the effort.

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/specification-for-ventilators-to-be-used-in-uk-hospitals-during-the-coronavirus-covid-19-outbreak

https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/letters-health-care-providers/ventilator-supply-mitigation-strategies-letter-health-care-providers

https://www.medtronic.com/us-en/e/open-files.html

https://github.com/abetusk/Medtronic-PB560-Ventilator-System

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-52087002

https://www.cnet.com/roadshow/news/mercedes-amg-f1-ventilator-cpap-covid-19/

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/12IGXL9XweZImqYcS8V8zFWNDV50q5R0eZECRalwTo7E/edit#gid=0